Mobile banking’s “first wave” is a good news story. Consumer adoption of relatively low-value transactions has been swift. Consumer trust is high. According to The Wall Street Journal, a Federal Reserve survey found that “cellphone users tapping into banking services increased 33% during 2012. Nearly half of those with smartphones accessed a banking app or mobile website in the past year.”
But the second wave of mobile banking – capturing huge transactions of high-value customers – is meeting headwinds.
According to many bankers we talk to – especially the heads of corporate treasury, wealth management and payments – that needs to change. The conversations have a common theme, and one bank executive’s comment captures it: “Mobile devices can’t just be another handy channel for consumers. Mobility needs to be a business advantage for our corporate and affluent customers and a revenue generator for us. Otherwise, it’s like playing miniature golf with your best irons: way too much investment for way too little payoff.”
It’s not unreasonable that some bankers and their customers have in the past been wary of security when it comes to mobile devices, whether cellphones, laptops, tablets, phablets or wearables. The same banker who reassures consumers about making mobile deposits will be less sanguine about a large corporation making million dollar payments the same way. The same customer who is willing to take a risk on mobile in order to pay his water bill is bound to have a different comfort threshold when it comes to making a million dollar stock transaction on the fly.
But the sheer size of the potential market makes it a must-do. TowerGroup predicts continued growth of mobile banking to reach 17 billion transactions in 2015. It’s also a must-do because of customer demand for the convenience that mobile affords. Once corporate controllers and other handlers of large transactions get accustomed to using mobile for their personal small transactions, it’s a short step to wondering why they can’t take care of business the same way.
If large transactions via mobile are inevitable – and few would disagree that they are – then no bank wants to be the last to be able to offer them.
A family member is a corporate controller for a mid-sized retail mall management company. Any time of day or night, weekday or weekend, can bring an urgent request from a tenant for a large funds transfer. Hardly a weekend goes by that she doesn’t have to stop what she’s doing – leave dinner, sometimes pack up the kids – and drive to the office where she can sign in on a special application and complete a transaction that would have taken her two minutes on her mobile. So far, her CIO and CFO steadfastly resist making that system available on mobile because of security fears.
When the President of the United States ruefully says he wants a smartphone for Christmas but his security advisers won’t let him have one, it tends to ratify the misgivings of anybody else, including corporate treasurers, affluent customers and their bankers who are, after all, charged with protecting the safety of financial assets. Headlines like “Customers Paying the Price after Target Breach” can set back months and years of mounting confidence.
The same is true in the world of wealth management. If your bank’s affluent customers can make all their checking account transactions on mobile, they will soon expect their larger transactions to be just as convenient. Bankers tell us, “These people are extremely profitable customers for us, and we know that the first banks to get it just right will have tremendous first-mover status.”
But as one wealth manager put it, the affluent have another concern, government surveillance:
“The revelations about NSA data collection of cellphone information have my clients spooked, and me, too. My conversations certainly are meant to be private, and even less do I want to invite unwarranted intrusiveness into my large-dollar transactions.”
Access and Awareness
So what can banks do to make mobile a viable channel for large-dollar transactions? They need to improve both the perception and the reality of the security of large transactions. First is the matter of access. Second is the matter of awareness. Let’s use the analogy of securing a building.
If you approach a building that houses gold bars, and you find the perimeter gate wide open and the door ajar, you would suspect that somebody neglected the access part. But suppose you had to use a special password and voice recognition for the gate, and then facial recognition for the door? Fine. Access has been addressed. But once inside, you can see doors marked, “Do Not Enter,” and you see employees driving loaded carts marked “Top Clearance Employees Only.” You’d have a pretty good idea of where to find the gold bars, wouldn’t you? But you would also realize that somebody neglected the awareness. You now know exactly where to poke your nose if your intentions are to breach.
Unfortunately, that’s how many of today’s security apparatuses function. They do a decent job of denying access to unauthorized users. But as proven by the Target, Edward Snowden and other famous hacks last year, access limits can be breached. Hackers can “ride along” with legitimate users. When that happens, awareness limits are vital. We like to say, “You can’t hack what you can’t see.” Back to the gold bars building analogy: if you were followed in the door by an intruder but the builders had secured awareness, the intruder would see nothing – no activity, no doors, no signs and no carts. Nothing to see, nothing to attack. When it comes to corporate treasurers or the affluent moving large transactions via mobile, hackers need to be left unaware of the existence of large transactions that they could breach.
The technology exists for that to happen. Endpoints can be cloaked so that there is nothing for hackers to “see.” Widespread adoption of this kind of technology, along with multi-layered access systems will lead the way for mobile to realize its potential with large-dollar transactions.
One bank CIO put the matter even more succinctly: “Let’s not wait until we have an adverse event. Already, whether we want them to or not, corporate customers are executing large transactions on mobile. Employees under pressure to help out a customer are going to stretch our policies about mobile. We need to get in front of that, not just hope to contain the fallout when something goes wrong.”
Mr. Olson is vice president, Global Financial Services, Mr. McGrath is global director of Mobility Solutions, and Mr. Sapp is vice president, TCIS Products and Technology for Blue Bell, Penn.-based Unisys Corp. They can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org.